Project Management

Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities, to meet project requirements.
The job focus of the project manager is both narrower and deeper than that of the program manager. Project managers are responsible for the project, the project team, and the outcomes the team is working on.
Projects includes:

  • A sequence of tasks
  • Defined outcomes, and deliverables
  • Defined beginning, end, schedule, and approach
  • Planned budgets
  • Resources specifically allocated to the work
  • Organized approach

Program Management

A group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individually. Programs may include elements of related work outside scope of the discrete projects in the program
Program includes:


  • A single product or deliverable
  • Many product deliverables
  • Usually focuses on business objectives and delivering value
  • Benefit management

Project management vs Program management

Project managers:


  • Focus on content
  • Manage projects
  • Focus on scope, schedules, resources
  • Perform more technical tasks
  • Handle risk management
  • Deal with project requirements
  • Are responsible for ensuring projects get completed on time, within budget

Program managers:


  • Focus on context
  • Manage portfolios
  • Focus on people, politics and negotiating
  • Perform more strategic tasks
  • Handle change management (program and environmental changes)
  • Deal with business strategies and objectives
  • Are responsible for maximizing ROI and value delivery